locate answers stated directly in selection; answers are at concrete, literal level
find and organise pieces of information; answers are at literal, analytical level
Add To It
combine clues and prior knowledge; answers are at inferential level
Go Beyond It
think beyond information in the passage and apply prior knowledge; answers are at critical, creative level
The series features comprehension questions in two formats – multiple-choice and short-response – that are typically found on standardised tests. The thinking-skills research on which this series is grounded will enhance students’ proficiency with answering questions at each of these levels of comprehension.
Assessing Levels of Comprehension and Building Levels of Comprehension are designed to help students use various levels of thinking to arrive at answers to reading comprehension questions, both in multiple-choice format and short-response format. The differentiated instruction that is facilitated by the mirroring of genres and question types in both ALC and BLC allows teachers to fairly assess students’ abilities to answer questions at the four levels of comprehension, or thinking. Cooperative learning and multiple genre exposure can strengthen the participation rate of students with diverse needs.
Through an understanding of students’ level of mastery at the levels of comprehension, teachers can progress from the diagnostic portion of this series, Assessing Levels of Comprehension, to the instructional portion of the series, Building Levels of Comprehension. The diagnosis and instruction will help students become successful and effective readers.
“Levels of comprehension” refers to the thinking processes that are stimulated in order to arrive at answers to reading comprehension questions.
Many researchers have studied how levels of comprehension affect reading comprehension. ALC and BLC recognise and integrate the cognitive taxonomies of Benjamin Bloom and Robert Marzano who demonstrate a hierarchical order of thinking skills that students should master in order to guarantee that learning is deep and solid.
The series’ levels of comprehension relate in a general and simplified way to the levels of cognition in both taxonomies. The four levels of comprehension further align to various reading strategies.
ALC and BLC increase critical thinking in reading, provide practice with self-assessments and goal-setting, and identify mastery at the four levels of comprehension. The levels of comprehension, or thinking, are presented in a supportive and non-threatening manner and are couched in a familiar context.